Jackson Estuarine Laboratory

Jackson Estuarine Laboratory

 
Jackson Estuarine Laboratory (JEL) is located five miles from the Durham campus on the shores of Great Bay Estuary, one of the largest estuaries in northern New England. JEL features well-equipped facilities where scientists conduct field-based and experimental research on physical and biological components of coastal ecosystems. Research at JEL has advanced our understanding of coastal ecosystems, especially with regard to human influences and management, in New Hampshire, the Gulf of Maine region and the world. In a typical year, 25 projects are carried out by the scientists at JEL, with total external funding often exceeding $2 million. In 2015, The New Hampshire chapter of the Nature Conservancy named JEL its Restoration Parner of the Year!

JEL has eight resident faculty members from the departments of Biological Sciences, Natural Resources, and Earth Systems Science, along with several support staff, research associates, students, post-doctoral fellows and visiting scientists. In addition, non-resident faculty and students from other UNH departments conduct research at JEL. A fleet of small research vessels is based at JEL, including five outboard powered boats ranging from a 12-foot skiff to a 22-foot center console. Facilities include a pier with a 2,000-pound crane and a floating dock with slip spaces for four boats. JEL has a full analytical laboratory to study water quality, and labs dedicated to sedimentology, animal physiology and behavior, shellfish/seafloor ecology, microbiology, phycology (study of benthic algae), tidal marsh ecology, and seagrass ecology. In addition, flowing estuarine water is provided to a wet lab, greenhouse, and outdoor facilities to support the study of estuarine plants and animals.

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Submissions from 2005

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Differences in the size at maturity of female American lobsters, Homarus americanus, captured throughout the range of the offshore fishery, Winsor H. Watson III and Susan A. Little

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Central pattern generator for swimming in Melibe, Winsor H. Watson III and Stuart Thompson

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Molecular ecological studies of New England species of Porphyra (Rhodophyta, Bangiales), Andrew L. West, Arthur C. Mathieson, Anita S. Klein, Christopher D. Neefus, and Troy L. Bray

Submissions from 2004

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Nematode diversity in the Gulf of Maine, USA, and a Web-accessible, relational database, Eyualem Abebe, Raymond E. Grizzle, Duane Hope, and William K. Thomas

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Spatial modeling of eelgrass distribution in Great Bay, New Hampshire, P. M. Behm, R. M. J. Boumans, and Frederick T. Short

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Contaminants and pathogens, Stephen H. Jones

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Source species identification of Escherichia coli in oysters Crassostrea virginica and overlying waters, Stephen H. Jones, B. O'Hara, and T. Bryant

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Spatial and temporal trends of chemical contaminants in tissues of the blue mussel, Mytilus edulis L., in the Gulf of Maine: 1993-2001, Stephen H. Jones, L. White, P. Hennigar, P. Wells, C. Krahforst, G. Harding, J. Aube, G. Brun, J. Swartz, M. Chase, P. Vass, N. Landry, and J. Stanlnecker

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Effects of stressors on invasive and halophytic plants of New England salt marshes: A framework for predicting response to tidal restoration, Raymond A. Konisky and David M. Burdick

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Development of a nutrient pollution indicator using the seagrass, Zostera marina, along nutrient gradients in three New England estuaries, Kun-Seop Lee, Frederick T. Short, and David M. Burdick

SeagrassNet Manual for Scientific Monitoring of Seagrass Habitat – Western Pacific Edition, Frederick T. Short, L. J. McKenzie, R. G. Coles, and Jeffrey L. Gaeckle

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Determining the affinities of salt marsh fucoids using microsatellite markers: Evidence of hybridization and introgression between two species of fucus (Phaeophyta) in a Maine estuary, Aaron L. Wallace, Anita S. Klein, and Arthur C. Mathieson

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Variations in physical properties and water quality in the Webhannet River Estuary (Wells National Estuarine Research Reserve, Maine), Larry G. Ward

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Circatidal and Circadian Rhythms of Locomotion in Limulus polyphemus, Winsor H. Watson III, Christopher C. Chabot, and Jeffrey Kent

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The influence of light on locomotion in the gastropod melibe leonina, Winsor H. Watson III, James M. Newcomb, and Kaddee A. Lawrence

Submissions from 2003

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Rapid settling rates observed in sediments resuspended by boat wavesv over a tidal flat, Franz E. Anderson

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Determinants of expansion forPhragmites australis, common reed, in natural and impacted coastal marshes, David M. Burdick and Raymond A. Konisky

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Seagrasses of the Western Pacific islands, R. Coles, L. McKenzie, S. Campbell, and M. Fortes

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Seagrasses of the Philippines and Viet Nam, M. Fortes, E. P. Green, and Frederick T. Short

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World Atlas of Seagrasses, E. P. Green and Frederick T. Short

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Mapping and Characterizing Subtidal Oyster Reefs Using Acoustic Techniques, Underwater Videography and Quadrat Counts, Raymond E. Grizzle, J R. Adams, Semme J. Dijkstra, Brian Smith, and R W. Ward

Environmental monitoring at an open ocean aquaculture site in the Gulf of Maine: Results for 1997-2000, Raymond E. Grizzle, Larry G. Ward, Richard Langan, G. M. Schnaittacher, J. A. Dijkstra, and J. R. Adams

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Identification of north-western Atlantic Porphyra (Bangiaceae, Bangiales) based on sequence variation in nuclear SSU and plastid rbcL genes, Anita S. Klein, Arthur C. Mathieson, Christopher D. Neefus, Danielle F. Cain, Heather A. Taylor, Brian W. Teasdale, Andrew L. West, Edward J. Hehre, Juliet Brodie, Charles Yarish, and Aaron L. Wallace

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A comparison of the size at maturity of female American lobsters between an estuarine population and a nearby coastal population, S. A. Little and Winsor H. Watson III

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Expansion of the Asiatic green alga Codium fragile ssp. tomentosoides in the Gulf of Maine, Arthur C. Mathieson, Clinton J. Dawes, Larry G. Harris, and Edward J. Hehre

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Seagrasses of the Western North Atlantic, Frederick T. Short and C. A. Short

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Global overview: the distribution and status of seagrasses, M. Spalding, M. Taylor, C. Ravilious, Frederick T. Short, and E. Green

Submissions from 2002

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Modeling Habitat Change in Salt Marshes After Tidal Restoration, R. M. J. Boumans, David M. Burdick, and Michele Dionne

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Microbiology of summer flounder Paralichthys dentatus fingerling production at a marine fish hatchery, Stephen D. Eddy and Stephen H. Jones

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A plastochrone method for measuring leaf growth in eelgrass, Zostera marina L, Jeffrey L. Gaeckle and Frederick T. Short

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Historical changes in intertidal oyster (Crassostrea virginica) reefs in a Florida lagoon potentially related to boating activities, Raymond E. Grizzle, J. R. Adams, and L. J. Walters

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Weighing the evidence of ecological risk from chemical contamination in the estuarine environment adjacent to the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Kittery, Maine, USA, Robert K. Johnston, Wayne R. Munns Jr., Patti Lynne Tyler, Patty Marajh-Whittemore, Kenneth Finkelstein, Kenneth Munney, Frederick T. Short, Ann Melville, and Simeon P. Hahn

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Swimming behavior of the Nudibranch, Melibe leonina, K. A. Lawrence and Winsor H. Watson III

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Chaetomorpha balls foul New Hampshire, USA beaches, Arthur C. Mathieson and Clinton J. Dawes

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Using functional trajectories to track constructed salt marsh development in the Great Bay Estuary, Maine/New Hampshire, USA, Pamela A. Morgan and Frederick T. Short

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A Monitoring Protocol to Assess Tidal Restoration of Salt Marshes on Local and Regional Scales, Hilary A. Neckles, Michele Dionne, David M. Burdick, and Charles T. Roman

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Porphyra birdiae sp. nov. (Bangiales, Rhodophyta): a new species from the northwest Atlantic, Christopher D. Neefus, Arthur C. Mathieson, Anita S. Klein, Brian W. Teasdale, Troy Bray, and Charles Yarish

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Impact of the wasting disease pathogen, Labryrinthula on the photobiology of eelgrass Zostera marina, Peter J. Ralph and Frederick T. Short

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The regulation of ecosystem functions by ecotypic variation in the dominant plant: a Spartina alterniflora salt-marsh case study, Denise M. Seliskar, John L. Gallagher, David M. Burdick, and Laurie A. Mutz

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Site-selection model for optimal transplantation of eelgrass Zostera marina in the northeastern US, Frederick T. Short, Ryan C. Davis, B. S. Kopp, Catherine A. Short, and David M. Burdick

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Seagrass ecology and estuarine mitigation: a low-cost method for eelgrass restoration, Frederick T. Short, B. S. Kopp, Jeffrey L. Gaeckle, and H. Tamaki

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Lobster trap video: in situ video surveillance of the behaviour of Homarus americanus in and around traps, Winsor H. Watson III, Steven H. Jury, William Hunting Howell, and Daniel F. O'Grady

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Swimming Behavior of the Nudibranch Melibe leonina, Winsor H. Watson III and Kaddee A. Lawrence

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Modulation of swimming in the gastropod Melibe leonina by nitric oxide, Winsor H. Watson III and James M. Newcomb

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Neural correlates of swimming behavior in Melibe leonina, Winsor H. Watson III, James M. Newcomb, and Stuart Thompson

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Neural Correlates of Swimming Behavior in Melibe leonina, Winsor H. Watson III, James M. Newcomb, and Stuart Thompson

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Use of a treadmill to study the relationship between walking, ventilation and heart rate in the lobster Homarus americanus, Winsor H. Watson III, Daniel F. O'Grady, and Steven H. Jury

Submissions from 2001

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The effect of temperature on first feeding, growth and survival of larval witch flounder, Glyptocephalus cynoglossus, Deborah A. Bidwell and W. Huntting Howell

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Variation in soil salinity associated with expansion of Phragmites australis in salt marshes, David M. Burdick, Robert Buchsbaum, and Eric Holt

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Standards for seagrass collection, identification and sample design, David M. Burdick and G. Kendrick

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Gulfwatch: Monitoring Spatial and Temporal Patterns of Trace Metal and Organic Contaminants in the Gulf of Maine (1991–1997) with the Blue Mussel, Mytilus edulis L, M. E. Chase, Stephen H. Jones, P. Hennigar, J. Sowles, G. C. H. Harding, K. Freeman, P. G. Wells, C. Krahforst, K. Coombs, R. Crawford, J. Pederson, and D. Taylor

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Detection of salinity by the lobster, Homarus americanus, Christopher G. Dufort, Steven H. Jury, James M. Newcomb, Daniel F. O'Grady III, and Winsor H. Watson III

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Optimal stocking density for juvenile winter flounder Pseudopleuronectes americanus, Elizabeth A. Fairchild and W. Huntting Howell

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Physiological ecology of Mercenaria mercenaria, Raymond E. Grizzle, V. M. Bricelj, and S. E. Shumway

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Monitoring for toxic contaminants in Mytilus edulis from New Hampshire and the Gulf of Maine, Stephen H. Jones, M. Chase, J. Sowles, P. Hennigar, N. Landry, P. G. Wells, G. C. H. Harding, C. Krahforst, and L. Brun

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A muscoides-like Fucus from a Maine salt marsh: its origin, ecology and taxonomic implications, Arthur C. Mathieson and Clinton J. Dawes

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Seaweeds of the Brave Boat Harbor salt marsh and adjacent open coast of southern Maine, Arthur C. Mathieson, Clinton J. Dawes, Michelle L. Anderson, and Edward J. Hehre

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Techniques for quantitative sampling of infauna and small epifauna in seagrass, A. Raz-Guzman and Raymond E. Grizzle

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Global Seagrass Research Methods, Frederick T. Short and R. G. Coles

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Global seagrass distribution, Frederick T. Short, R. G. Coles, and C. Pergent-Martini

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Methods for measuring seagrass growth, Frederick T. Short and C. Duarte

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Lobster use of eelgrass habitat in the Piscataqua River on the New Hampshire/Maine Border, USA, Frederick T. Short, K. Matso, J. Witten, and David M. Burdick

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Detection of Salinity by the Lobster, Homarus americanus, Winsor H. Watson III, Christopher G. Dufort, Steven H. Jury, and James M. Newcomb

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Neuroethology of Melibe leonina Swimming Behavior, Winsor H. Watson III, Kaddee A. Lawrence, and James M. Newcomb

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Neuroethology of Melibe leonina swimming behavior, Winsor H. Watson III, Kaddee A. Lawrence, and James M. Newcomb

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Identifiable nitrergic neurons in the central nervous system of the nudibranch Melibe leonina localized with NADPH-diaphorase histochemistry and nitric oxide synthase immunoreactivity, Winsor H. Watson III and James M. Newcomb

Submissions from 2000

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Thermosensitivity of the lobster, Homarus americanus, as determined by cardiac assay, Steven H. Jury and Winsor H. Watson III

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Aegagropilous Desmarestia aculeata from New Hampshire, Arthur C. Mathieson, Edward J. Hehre, and Clinton J. Dawes

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Estuaries of the northeastern United States: habitat and land use signatures, Charles T. Roman, Norbert Jaworski, Frederick T. Short, Stuart Findlay, and R. Scott Warren

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Developing success criteria for restored eelgrass, salt marsh and mud flat habitats, Frederick T. Short, David M. Burdick, Catherine A. Short, and Ryan C. Davis

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Identifying seagrass growth forms for leaf and rhizome marking applications, Frederick T. Short and C. A. Short

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Thermosensitivity of the lobster, Homarus americanus, as determined by cardiac assay, Winsor H. Watson III and Steven H. Jury

Submissions from 1999

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The Effects of Boat Docks on Eelgrass Beds in Coastal Waters of Massachusetts, David M. Burdick and Frederick T. Short

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Fish Utilization of Restored, Created and Reference Salt-Marsh Habitat in the Gulf of Maine, Michele Dionne, Frederick T. Short, and David M. Burdick

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Patterns of range expansion, niche shift and predator acquisition in Codium fragile ssp. tomentosoides and Membranipora membranacea in the Gulf of Maine, Larry G. Harris and Arthur C. Mathieson

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Isotope ratios of 206Pb/207Pb in eelgrass, Zostera marina, indicate sources of Pb in an estuary, H. M. Hoven, H. E. Gaudette, and Frederick T. Short

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Floristic and zonational studies of seaweeds from Mount Desert Island, Maine: an historical comparison, Arthur C. Mathieson, Clinton J. Dawes, and Edward J. Hehre

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The effects of global climate change on seagrasses, Frederick T. Short and Hilary A. Neckles

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Sedimentology of the New Hampshire Inner Continental Shelf Based on Subbottom Seismics, Side Scan Sonar, Bathymetry and Bottom Samples, Larry G. Ward and Francis S. Birch

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Skewed sex ratio in an estuarine lobster (Homarus americanus) population, Winsor H. Watson III and William Hunting Howell

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Lobster movements in an estuary, Winsor H. Watson III, William Hunting Howell, and A. Vetrovs

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Lobster movement in an estuary, Winsor H. Watson III, A. Vetrovs, and W. Huntting Howell

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Domestication of nori for Northeast America: The Asian Experience, Charles Yarish, T. Chopin, R. Wilkes, Arthur C. Mathieson, X. C. Fei, and S. Lu

Submissions from 1998

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Relationship between ultraviolet (UV) radiation and mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAS) in marine organisms, Anastazia T. Banaszak, Michael P. Lesser, Ilsa B. Kuffner, and Michael Ondrusek

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Quantifying the effects of bioturbation by Carcinus maenas L. (green crabs) on Zostera marina (eelgrass) transplants using mesocosm experiments, Ryan C. Davis, Frederick T. Short, and David M. Burdick

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Skewed sex ration in an estuarine lobster (Homarus americanus) population, W. Huntting Howell, Winsor H. Watson III, and Steven H. Jury

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Incidence and detection of pathogenic Vibrio sp. in a northern New England estuary, USA, Stephen H. Jones and B. Summer-Brason

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The effect of stocking density on the growth of juvenile summer flounder Paralichthys dentatus, N. King, W. Huntting Howell, and Elizabeth A. Fairchild

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Effects of microalgae and live diet-type on the growth of first-feeding winter flounder Pleuronectes americanus, N. J. King and W. Huntting Howell

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Identification of ophiuroid post-larvae using mitochondrial DNA, Dorothy E. Medeiros-Bergen, N. T. Perna, J. A. Conroy, and T. D. Kocher

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Variations in sedimentary environments and accretionary patterns in estuarine marshes undergoing rapid submerge, Chesapeake Bay, Larry G. Ward, Michael S. Kearney, and J Court Stevenson

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Conversion of mercury (II) into mercury (0), monomethylmercury cation, and dimethylmercury in saltmarsh sediment slurries, James H. Weber, Robert Evans, Stephen H. Jones, and Mark E. Hines

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Domestication of indigenous Porphyra (nori) species for commercial cultivation in Northeast America, Charles Yarish, R. Wilkes, T. Chopin, X. G. Fei, Arthur C. Mathieson, Anita S. Klein, Christopher D. Neefus, G. G. Mitman, and I. Levine

Submissions from 1997

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Haplosporidium nelsoni (MSX) epizootic in the Piscataqua River Estuary (Maine/New Hampshire, U.S.A.), B. J. Barber, Richard Langan, and T. L. Howell

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Restoring eelgrass, Zostera marina L., habitat using a new transplanting technique: the horizontal rhizome method, Ryan C. Davis and Frederick T. Short

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A comparison of insular seaweed floras from Penobscot Bay, Maine, and other Northwest Atlantic Islands, Arthur C. Mathieson, Edward J. Hehre, Julie Hambrook, and James Gerweck

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Recruitment in the Holothurian Cucumaria frondosa in the Gulf of Maine, Dorothy E. Medeiros-Bergen and Erika Miles

Submissions from 1996

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Ecological responses to tidal restorations of two northern New England salt marshes, David M. Burdick, Michele Dionne, R. M. Boumans, and Frederick T. Short

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Hydrodynamically induced synchronous waving of seagrasses: ‘monami’ and its possible effects on larval mussel settlement, Raymond E. Grizzle, Frederick T. Short, Carter R. Newell, Heidi Hoven, and Linda Kindblom

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Transcient expression of the GUS reporter gene in the protoplasts and partially digested cells of Ulva lactuca L. (chlorophyta), X. Huang, J. C. Weber, T. K. Hinson, Arthur C. Mathieson, and S. C. Minocha