Project Type

URC Presentation



College or School


Class Year



Economics, Justice Studies

Faculty Research Advisor

Reagan Baughman


The goal of this research paper is to explore the relationship between infertility treatments, specifically IVF procedures, and female employment rates by state and year, based on state insurance mandates in the United States. This paper will provide more insight on the topic of infertility treatments and the effect of state mandates and how these are both affecting the female labor force in the U.S. based upon an analysis of relevant literature and econometric data analysis. The data analysis will be done using data from the Centers for Disease Control ART Reports and the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Geographical Employment Data between the years 1995 and 2018. My findings show that IVF procedures per capita increase in states that adopt insurance mandates, and female employment rates have overall remained steady. Regression analysis shows state mandates positively effect IVF procedures and decrease female employment rates. It is difficult to measure the full effect of IVF procedures on female labor supply; however, this research provides insight into relationships between procedures, labor supply, and state mandates.