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Mark Twain’s idealized testimonial in his travelogue Innocents Abroad is not a revolutionary phenomenon. Pompeii has long been considered a city with breathtaking preservation, but the extent of preservation has been a recent source of controversy. The city continues to crumble with hoards of visitors, and the shortcomings of conservation efforts are taking their toll on the city. Recent collapses have revived disputes over the management, organization and conservation of Pompeii. The disjointed relationship between the presentation of Pompeii and its preservation was evident just after the opening of the city to the public over 150 years ago, and are at the root of the problems with configuration and conservation today.