Jackson Estuarine Laboratory


The application of a new step for recovering poliovirus from moderately to highly turbid estuarine water by the filter virus-adsorption technique was investigated. The experiments were conducted under both (i) laboratory-based conditions (200-ml volumes) where the turbidity was controlled and (ii) simulated field conditions (15- to 100-gal volumes) where the turbidity varied depending upon the hydrology of the raw estuarine water. The new step consisted of adding Celite to the turbid water prior to sampling for virus. In the experiments, the pH of the water was first adjusted to 3.5 and then AlCl3 was added to 0.0005 M. Celite was added to a concentration of 0.01% and mixed thoroughly. Either an HE Cox M-780 microfilter (Cox Instrument, Div. of Lynch Corp., Detroit, Mich.) or an MF-membrane filter (Millipore Corp., Bedford, Mass.) was used as the virus adsorbent. Virus was eluted from the Celite-filter complex in situ at pH 9 with 5× nutrient broth. In the laboratory-based experiments, when turbidity ranged from 5.0 to 30.0 Jackson turbidity units (JTU), virus recovery ranged from 66 to 89%. In the simulated field experiments, when the turbidity ranged from 8.5 to 80.0 JTU, virus recovery ranged from <1 to 74%, depending upon the multiplicity of virus input and the level of turbidity. The new step greatly improved the filtration-flux of turbid water and significantly reduced the premature clogging problem usually observed with microporous filters.

Publication Date


Journal Title

Applied Microbiology


American Society for Microbiology

Document Type



Copyright © 1974 American Society for Microbiology


This is an article published by American Society for Microbiology in Applied Microbiology, in 1971, available online: https://aem.asm.org/content/27/3/506