Jackson Estuarine Laboratory


The Northwest Atlantic Chondrus fishery is the basis of a phycocolloid industry. Harvesting is centered in the Gulfs of Maine and St. Lawrence where the species is an ecological dominant. The extensive ecological-physiological data base is reviewed as is the biosystematics. Annual catch peaked in 1974 (approx. 50,000 t) and troughed in 1983 (approx. 18,000 t). Catch decline was due/in part, to a decrease in crop demand caused by international marketplace competition from other carra-geenophytes. Harvesting and handling techniques are described. Resource management structure is outlined, as are stock assessment and assessment science programs. The international aspect of resource utilization is discussed.

Publication Date


Journal Title

FAO Fisheries Technical Paper

Document Type



This is an FAO Fisheries Technical Paper, published in 1987, available online.