Terrorism Endgame: Understanding Exogenous and Endogenous Viability Breakdown in European Terrorist Organizations
Date of Award
Senior Honors Thesis
College or School
Bachelor of Arts
Terrorist organizations deactivate when confronted with a collective though not necessarily simultaneous external and internal breakdown. External breakdown is marked by the loss of a cause and the loss of popular support, while internal breakdown is marked by a loss of leadership and deteriorating unit cohesion. Using three case studies, the Red Brigade (BR) from Italy, the Red Army Faction (RAF) from Germany, and the Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA) from Spain, this paper draws a relationship to explain why terrorism ends, and ultimately observes hardline counterterror policies tend to preserve terrorist movements.
Donahoe, Patricia, "Terrorism Endgame: Understanding Exogenous and Endogenous Viability Breakdown in European Terrorist Organizations" (2013). Honors Theses and Capstones. 143.