A major challenge in studies estimating stand water use in mixed-species forests is how to effectively scale data from individual trees to the stand. This is the case for forest ecosystems in the northeastern USA where differences in water use among species and across different size classes have not been extensively studied, despite their relevance for a wide range of ecosystem services. Our objectives were to assess the importance of different sources of variability ontranspiration upscaling and explore the potential impacts of future shifts in species composition on forest water budget. We measured sap velocity in five tree species (Fagus grandiflora, Acer rubrum, A. saccharum, Betula alleghaniensis, B. papyrifera) in a mature and young stand in NH (USA). Our results showed that the greatest potential source of error was radial variability and that tree size was more important than species in determining sap velocity. Total sapwood area was demonstrated to exert a strong controlling influence on transpiration, varying depending on tree size and species. We conclude that the effect of potential species shifts on transpirationwill depend on the sap velocity, determined mainly by radial variation and tree size, but also on the sapwood area distribution in the stand.
Earth Systems Research Center
Canadian Journal of Forest Research
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Hernández-Santana V., Hernández-Hernández A., Vadeboncoeur M.A., and Asbjornsen H. 2015. Scaling from single-point sap velocity measurements to stand transpiration in a multi-species deciduous forest: uncertainty sources, stand structure effect, and future scenarios impacts. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, accepted.
© 2015, the authors. This postrpint (accepted manuscript version) is made available by the authors, in compliance with the author rights policy of NRC Research Press. Upon publication, the final version will be available from the Canadian Journal of Forest Research.