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Have evangelicalism and religiosity become more or less statistically significant in determining state-wide voting behavior in the 21st century? This research conducted a multiple regression analysis that compared religious, demographic, and economic information with the percent of votes cast for the Republican candidate in the 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, and 2016 elections.
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If QR code no longer works, the following is a list of references (proceeded by its corresponding number) and data sources: ==Sources used in Background & Analysis== 1 Stanley, Harold W. “Presidential Elections and the South.” Writing Southern Politics: Contemporary Interpretations and Future Directions, edited by Robert P. Steed and Laurence W. Moreland, University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, 2006, pp. 219–240. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt130hw9b.14. Accessed 21 Apr. 2020. 2 Berggren, D. Jason, and Nicol C. Rae. “Jimmy Carter and George W. Bush: Faith, Foreign Policy, and an Evangelical Presidential Style.” Presidential Studies Quarterly, vol. 36, no. 4, 2006, pp. 606–632. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/27552257. Accessed 21 Apr. 2020. 3 “Evangelical Approval of President Bush.” Pew Research Center, 27 Aug. 2007, pewrsr.ch/12Ah9kd. 4 Haberman, Clyde. “Religion and Right-Wing Politics: How Evangelicals Reshaped Elections.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 28 Oct. 2018, www.nytimes.com/2018/10/28/us/religion-politics-evangelicals.html. 5 “Evangelical Protestants - Religion in America: U.S. Religious Data, Demographics and Statistics.” Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project, 11 May 2015, www.pewforum.org/religious-landscape-study/religious-tradition/evangelical-protestant/. 6 LUHRMANN, TANYA MARIE. “EVANGELICAL VOTERS.” Antidemocracy in America: Truth, Power, and the Republic at Risk, edited by ERIC KLINENBERG et al., Columbia University Press, New York; Chichester, West Sussex, 2019, pp. 167–174. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.7312/klin19010.22. Accessed 21 Apr. 2020. 7 Smith, Daniel A., et al. “Same-Sex Marriage Ballot Measures and the 2004 Presidential Election.” State & Local Government Review, vol. 38, no. 2, 2006, pp. 78–91. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/4355421. Accessed 21 Apr. 2020. 8 Goodstein, Laurie. “Vatican Cardinal Signals Backing for Sanctions on Kerry.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 24 Apr. 2004, www.nytimes.com/2004/04/24/us/2004-campaign-abortion-issue-vatican-cardinal-signals-backing-for-sanctions.html. ==Data Sources== Newport, Frank. “5 Things to Know About Evangelicals in America.” Gallup.com, Gallup, 8 Apr. 2020, news.gallup.com/opinion/polling-matters/235208/things-know-evangelicals-america.aspx. “US Census Bureau | Data Finder.” Data.census.gov, US Census Bureau | Data, data.census.gov/cedsci/. Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies. “Religious Congregations and Membership Study, 2000 (State File).” | Data Archive | The Association of Religion Data Archives, The Association of Religion Data Archives, 1 Jan. 2000, www.thearda.com/Archive/Files/Descriptions/RCMSST.asp. Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies. “Religious Congregations and Membership Study, 2010 (State File).” | Data Archive | The Association of Religion Data Archives, The Association of Religion Data Archives, 1 Jan. 2000, www.thearda.com/Archive/Files/Descriptions/RCMSST.asp. “U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.” U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 17 Apr. 2020, www.bls.gov/.
LaCourse, Nick R., "Religion in Presidential Elections: the Faithful as a Political Bloc in the 21st-century" (2020). Undergraduate Research Conference (URC) Student Presentations. 462.