Project Type

URC Presentation


Natural Resources and the Environment

College or School


Class Year



Wildlife and Conservation Biology

Faculty Research Advisor

Adrienne Kovach


The New England cottontail (Sylvilagus transitionalis) is a shrubland habitat specialist, endangered in New Hampshire and Maine. Recovery efforts for this species include captive breeding programs, like outdoor captive breeding pens in Great Bay National Wildlife Refuge, Newington, NH. As with similar programs, there have been challenges with successfully breeding New England cottontails. The fencing and supplemental feeder in the outdoor breeding pen may impact the predators and small mammal communities, with potential negative consequences for cottontails. We hypothesized that the fenced enclosure would attract small mammals inside the pens, in turn attracting predators. We tested this hypothesis with live trapping of small mammals in three separate locations in and around the pen, including at and away from supplemental feeders. Camera traps were also placed at feeders and along the fence to monitor predators. Contrary to our hypothesis, we found that small mammal captures and abundance estimated by the Schnabel method were the highest outside the pen; captures were lower near the feeder than away, while abundance estimates had the opposite pattern. Predators were primarily observed at supplemental feeders. This will inform decisions for captive breeding success.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.