Date of Award

Spring 2007

Project Type


Program or Major


Degree Name

Master of Arts

First Advisor

Loan T Phan


This research examined the relationship between racial identity development and self-esteem, self-efficacy, and perceptions of discrimination in Arab American individuals (N=97) utilizing Helms' (1995) People of Color racial identity model as a framework. Participants responded to an online survey including the following instruments: The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, The Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale, The People of Color Racial Identity Attitudes Scale and The Schedule of Racist Events. Correlations revealed significant relationships at each racial identity status consistent with the characteristics outlined in Helms' model. Independent samples t-tests were conducted to determine if there were significant differences between the mean responses of U.S. born and foreign-born Arab Americans. A significant difference was found in the variability of responses in the PRIAS Conformity subscale. Results were interpreted and implications were discussed.