Date of Award
Program or Major
Master of Arts
Loan T Phan
This research examined the relationship between racial identity development and self-esteem, self-efficacy, and perceptions of discrimination in Arab American individuals (N=97) utilizing Helms' (1995) People of Color racial identity model as a framework. Participants responded to an online survey including the following instruments: The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, The Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale, The People of Color Racial Identity Attitudes Scale and The Schedule of Racist Events. Correlations revealed significant relationships at each racial identity status consistent with the characteristics outlined in Helms' model. Independent samples t-tests were conducted to determine if there were significant differences between the mean responses of U.S. born and foreign-born Arab Americans. A significant difference was found in the variability of responses in the PRIAS Conformity subscale. Results were interpreted and implications were discussed.
Rizk, Dahlia, "Moving beyond choosing us or choosing them: The role of self-esteem, self-efficacy, and perception of discrimination in the development of Arab American racial identity status" (2007). Master's Theses and Capstones. 50.