Date of Award

Fall 2013

Project Type


Program or Major

Justice Studies

Degree Name

Master of Arts

First Advisor

David Finkelhor


Japan has received considerable attention in the field of criminology in its unique features, such as its low crime rate. Available research seems to suggest that the Japanese rate of sexual violence, like other crimes, is equally lower compared to the United States. The present study examines the potential influence of gender construction on sexual violence, building upon previous research on the Confluence Model of Sexual Aggression by Malamuth and his colleagues. Data from the General Social Survey in the United States and Japan were used to compare elements that relate to gender roles, gender identity, and sexual behavior to test this hypothesis. The results seem to suggest complex interaction between gender construction and sexual violence across cultures.