Date of Award

Fall 2021

Project Type


Program or Major

Political Science

Degree Name

Master of Arts

First Advisor

Mary Malone

Second Advisor

Jeannie Sowers

Third Advisor

Madhavi Devasher


Indigenous social movements began proliferating across Latin America in the late 20th century. Since then, scholars have focused analyses on the factors shaping indigenous movement-state dynamics, with little consideration for how these interactions impact the larger indigenous population. This work addresses the question of how changing indigenous movement-presidential relationships affect indigenous political attitudes and behavior in Ecuador, Bolivia and Peru, qualitatively using comparative historical analysis, and quantitatively using binomial logistical and ordinal logistical regressions. I conclude first that the inclusion of indigenous movements represents a democratic deepening, but has a destabilizing effect, as the system must expand and adapt to new actors; and second, that more representative and inclusive democracies do not necessarily garner more citizen support or engagement.