Date of Award

Fall 2010

Project Type


Program or Major


Degree Name

Master of Arts

First Advisor

Kenneth M Johnson


This study utilizes the 2005 to 2007 American Community Survey data to examine two research questions: (1) Does knowledge of geographical location increase the prediction of poverty over individual/household characteristics and; (2) Does the effect of race on poverty vary by geographical location? This research supplements the existing literature by comparing across multiple categories of race (non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, non-Hispanic other, Hispanic) and geographical location (region of the country and metropolitan status). Poverty is found to vary by individual characteristics and by region and location. However, multiple regression analyses demonstrates that when individual characteristics (race, sex, age, educational attainment, and household type) are controlled, location or its race interaction do not improve the prediction of poverty.