Date of Award

Fall 2015

Project Type


College or School




Program or Major


Degree Name

Master of Science

First Advisor

Pamela P. DiNapoli


Background: Adverse events will occur in one-third of patients discharged from the intensivecare unit (ICU) and evidence shows that ICU readmissions increase a patient’s length of stay,
mortality, hospital costs, and nosocomial infections, as well as decrease long-term survival.Specific predictive factors that will accurately predict which patients are at risk of adverseevents requiring readmission are needed.Aim: The specific aim of this project was to identify if shock index (SI) values higher than 0.7at the time of transfer from the ICU are a useful predictor of ICU readmission.Methods: Using the Plan, Do, Study, Act (PDSA) framework, a retrospective chart review wasperformed using a matched cohort of 34 patients readmitted with 72 hours of discharge from theICU and 34 controls to obtain SI values at admission, transfer from and readmission to the ICU.A second PDSA cycle looked for SI trends within 24 hours prior to discharge from the ICU.Results: An odds ratio calculating the risk of readmission of patients with an elevated SI was2.96 (Confidence Interval (CI) 1.1 to 7.94, p-value=0.03). The odds ratio for an 80% SIelevation over 24 hours prior to discharge was 1.56 (CI 0.36 to 6.76, p-value=0.55).Conclusion and Implications for CNL Practice: Patients with elevated SIs at the time oftransfer are three times more likely to be readmitted to the ICU. Patients with elevations in atleast 80% of the 24 hour pre-discharge SIs showed no significant differences between thecontrol and readmitted cohorts. Implications of these results for the clinical nurse leader will bediscussed.

Included in

Nursing Commons