Date of Award
Program or Major
Master of Arts
The purpose of this study was to examine how demographic, psychosocial, and behavioral factors are associated with bystander opportunity among adolescents, and how bystander opportunity changes across one year. Participants for the study consisted of 1,322 adolescents who took an initial survey (Wave 1) and a survey one year later (Wave 4). Participants were 50.3% (n=658) female, 14.1% (n=182) identified as a sexual minority, and 88.9% (n=1140) identified as white, non-Hispanic, 11.1% (n=143) identified as non-white or Hispanic, with the mean age of 15.7 (SD = 1.2) years at Wave 1. Bystander opportunity was examined by measuring six individual opportunities. I hypothesized that demographic, psychosocial, and behavioral factors will be associated with the likelihood of bystander opportunity over time. Additionally, I predicted that adolescents will be more likely to have intervention opportunity types at Wave 4, compared to Wave 1 due to increase in age. Partially consistent with hypotheses, minority status, greater victim empathy, and binge drinking were consistently correlated with opportunity to intervene across all six opportunity variables. These results contribute to bystander theory by illustrating factors associated with opportunity and have implications for bystander intervention programming.
Beaulieu, Abigail Elizabeth, "BYSTANDER INTERVENTION OPPORTUNITY AMONG ADOLESCENTS: DEMOGRAPHIC, PSYCHOSOCIAL, AND BEHAVIORAL ASSOCIATIONS, AND CHANGES OVER TIME" (2019). Master's Theses and Capstones. 1287.