Date of Award

Winter 2018

Project Type


Program or Major

Electrical and Computer Engineering

Degree Name

Master of Science

First Advisor

Nicholas J. Kirsch

Second Advisor

John R. LaCourse

Third Advisor

Edward Song


Occupancy detection plays an important role in many smart buildings such as reducing building energy usage by controlling heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems, monitoring systems and managing lighting systems, tracking people in hospitals for medical issues, advertising to people in malls, and to search and rescue missions. The global positioning system (GPS) is used most widely as a localization system but highly inaccurate for indoor applications. The indoor environment is difficult to handle because along with the loss of signals, privacy is a major concern. Indoor tracking has many aspects in common with sensor localization in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). The contribution of this work is the demonstration of a nonintrusive approach to detect an occupancy in a building using wireless sensor networks to detect energy from cell phones in a secure facility and perform indoor localization based on the minimum mean square error (MMSE). To estimate the occupancy, the detected cellular signals information such as signal amplitude, frequency, power and detection time is sent to a fusion server, matched the detected signals by time and channel information, performed localization to estimate a location, and finally estimated the occupancy of rooms in a building from the estimated locations.

Available for download on Wednesday, March 11, 2020