Date of Award

Winter 2016

Project Type


Program or Major

Plant Biology

Degree Name

Master of Science

First Advisor

Iago Hale

Second Advisor

Thomas Davis

Third Advisor

David Plachetzki


The selection of phenotypic traits in plant breeding has recently become augmented by the implementation of molecular markers. Marker-assisted breeding strategies are used to develop new cultivars of many important crop plants but have yet to be assimilated into breeding programs for many minor crops with untapped economic potential. In the following chapters, I discuss methods of marker development in crop plants, sex determination as a trait of economic interest in plant breeding, and the identification of two male-dominant, PCR-based markers in the commercially viable Kiwiberry species Actinidia arguta and A. kolomikta.