Climate, fishery and society interactions: Observations from the North Atlantic
Interdisciplinary studies comparing fisheries-dependent regions across the North Atlantic find a number of broad patterns. Large ecological shifts, disastrous to historical fisheries, have resulted when unfavorable climatic events occur atop overfishing. The “teleconnections” linking fisheries crises across long distances include human technology and markets, as well as climate or migratory fish species. Overfishing and climate-driven changes have led to a shift downwards in trophic levels of fisheries takes in some ecosystems, from dominance by bony fish to crustaceans. Fishing societies adapt to new ecological conditions through social reorganization that have benefited some people and places, while leaving others behind. Characteristic patterns of demographic change are among the symptoms of such reorganization. These general observations emerge from a review of recent case studies of individual fishing communities, such as those conducted for the North Atlantic Arc research project.
Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Hamilton, L.C. 2007. “Climate, fishery and society interactions: Observations from the North Atlantic.” Deep Sea Research II 54:2958–2969. doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.08.020Reprinted in M. Barange, R.I. Perry & F.E. Werner (eds.) 2011, GLOBEC Compendium: ASelection of Papers from the GLOBEC International Research Programme [1995–2010]. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
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