The nature of work and the stress of higher status.
Are occupational and work conditions associated with work-to-home conflict? If so, do those associations vary by gender? Among a sample of adults in Toronto, Canada, we found that men and women in higher-status occupations reported higher levels of work-to-home conflict than workers in lower-status jobs. In addition, we observed higher levels of work-to-home conflict among workers who are self-employed and among those with more job authority, demands, involvement, and longer hours. The only significant gender-contingent effect was found for nonroutine work, which is associated positively with work-to-home conflict among men but not women. Higher levels of job demands, involvement, and hours among individuals in higher-status occupations significantly contribute to occupation-based differences in work-to-home conflict. Moreover, despite some overlap, these work conditions have largely independent associations with work-to-home conflict. Results generally support the "stress of higher status" hypothesis among both women and men. Although higher-status positions yield many rewards, such positions are not impervious to inter-role stress, and this stress may offset those rewards.
Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Schieman, S., Whitestone, Y.K., Van Gundy, K. The nature of work and the stress of higher status. (2006) Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 47 (3), pp. 242-257. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-33750326360&partnerID=40&md5=7f7f666ab4ce90d0954ab4e643c2d851