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Perspectives

Publication Date

8-1-2017

Abstract

There are a variety of factors that have an effect on the academic success of college students. For students of a racial and ethnic minority, their racial identity can be factor hindering to their overall success. This article looks at how academic achievements of racially and ethnically marginalized students are affected by microaggressive behaviors, a predominately white institutional (PWI) setting, and support services through various scholarly literatures. Results showed that both PWIs and microaggressions have a negative impact on academic success. However, this is due to mediating factors and not a direct relationship from one variable to another; PWIs tend to harbor students with microaggressive behaviors, which in turn increases anxiety and duress in students of color resulting in lower academic performance and higher attrition rates. Supportive services could combat this by boosting coping skills in minority students, which increases resilience and academic success.

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