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The focus of this literature review will be on the comparison of suicide rates between heterosexual and homosexual adolescents and young adults (ages 14-24), and the possible contributing factors. Age, the degree to which adolescents are open with their sexual identity, and the social support they receive are examined as contributing factors to the cited differences in suicide rates across sexual orientation identities. In this literature review, I will conclude that suicide rates are higher among homosexual adolescents and young adults; however, this significant difference disappears once the individuals enter adulthood. Researchers may pursue this relationship In order to find the best ways to assist homosexual adolescents through the period of potential suicide risk and into their adult years, and therefore perhaps begin reducing the rate of adolescent suicide.



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