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Perspectives

Publication Date

7-1-2018

Abstract

Globalization has allowed for an increasing interconnectedness of people all around the globe, but this comes at a price to the livelihoods of many individuals and traditional structures that attempt to remain unaffected from the influence of globalization. Issues like family relations and international migration are prevalent in the Philippines, where many women become migrant workers to support their families back home. These women take jobs in families as domestic workers, doing household chores and caring for the children while the mothers enter the workforce. This process is known as a global care chain, a term coined by the sociologist Arlie Hochschild (2002). Global care chains have led to the interactions of people from different parts of the world; the effects of these chains on international migration and family relations show a form of cultural differentialism, seen through economic and gendered relationships of those involved in these interactions. Globalization has caused changes in these relationships, with power being a main driver in the seemingly-perpetual cycle of these care chains. As long as the economies in these developing countries make jobs like domestic work in other countries more economically appealing, the cycle of international migration will continue to be the most reasonable option for those who can afford to do so.

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