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Sex trafficking, a form of gender-based violence in which a specific gender is the target of violence due to the imbalance of power, is a common present-day global crime (Murturi 2006:83). Women are most often victims of this specific crime, (Muturi 2006:83) and it leaves many workers and victims with health implications such as obtaining HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (Macias Konstantopoulos et al. 2013:1194). This paper will begin by giving a brief overview of the definition of sex trafficking, before discussing a specific country’s challenge with the problem. I will then analyze the scope of this issue based on the literature, and who the victims are, and finally the consequences trafficking has on its victims. The research problem in this paper is: why does sex trafficking occur and what are its implications?