Two-Dimensional Chemiresistive Covalent Organic Framework with High Intrinsic Conductivity


This paper describes the synthesis of a novel intrinsically conductive two-dimensional (2D) covalent organic framework (COF) through the aromatic annulation of 2,3,9,10,16,17,23,24-octa-aminophthalocyanine nickel(II) and pyrene-4,5,9,10-tetraone. The intrinsic bulk conductivity of the COF material (termed COF-DC-8) reached 2.51 × 10–3 S/m, and increased by 3 orders of magnitude with I2 doping. Electronic calculations revealed an anisotropic band structure, with the possibility for significant contribution from out-of-plane charge-transport to the intrinsic bulk conductivity. Upon integration into chemiresistive devices, this conductive COF showed excellent responses to various reducing and oxidizing gases, including NH3, H2S, NO, and NO2, with parts-per-billion (ppb) limits of detection (for NH3 = 70 ppb, for H2S = 204 ppb, for NO = 5 ppb, and for NO2 = 16 ppb based on 1.5 min exposure). Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies suggested that the chemiresistive response of the COF-DC-8 involves charge transfer interactions between the analyte and nickelphthalocyanine component of the framework.

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ACS Publications

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Journal of the American Chemical Society

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