Stress-assisted (γ→α′) and strain-induced (γ→ε→α′) phase transformation kinetics laws implemented in a crystal plasticity model for predicting strain path sensitive deformation of austenitic steels


This paper formulates stress-assisted and strain-induced austenite to martensite transformation kinetics laws within a crystal plasticity framework to enable modeling of strain path sensitive elasto-plastic deformation of austenitic steels taking into account the evolution of crystallographic texture and the directionality of deformation mechanisms in the constituent phases. Consistent with experimental observations for mechanically induced martensitic transformation, the stress-assisted transformation is modeled as direct from γ-austenite to -martensite, while the strain-induced transformation is modeled as indirect through an intermediate ε-martensite phase, which subsequently transforms to -martensite. While the stress-assisted transformation law is conceived based on an energy criterion, the strain-induced transformation law relies on the local stress state sensitive motion of partial dislocations forming shear bands of ε-martensite phase, which after intersecting with other shear bands give rise to -martensite. The kinetic models are implemented in the elasto-plastic self-consistent polycrystal plasticity model to facilitate modeling of strain path and crystallographic texture dependence of martensitic transformation, while predicting deformation behavior of metastable austenitic steels. Due to its morphology, the ε-martensite is modeled using a flat ellipsoid approximation, which is a new numerical feature in the model. Simple tension, simple compression, and simple shear data of an austenitic steel have been used to calibrate and to illustrate predictive characteristics of the overall implementation. In doing so, stress-strain response, texture, and phase fractions of γ-austenite, intermediate ε-martensite, and α′-martensite are all calculated, while fully accounting for the crystallography of the transformation mechanisms. It is demonstrated that the appropriate modeling of phase fractions and crystallography facilitates predicting the experimentally measured data. The implementation and insights from these predictions are presented and discussed in this paper.

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International Journal of Plasticity

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