A comparison of isokinetic muscle strength and power in visually impaired and sighted individuals


The purpose of this investigation was to compare the isokinetic strength characteristics of visually impaired with sighted individuals. Thirty age-matched participants who met the criteria for blind and partially sighted were matched according to age, height, and sex. Participants were evaluated on a Cybex Isokinetic dynamometer at speeds of 90 and 180 deg/sec. The main outcome measures were peak torque normalized by body weight; and power adjusted by body weight. Data was analyzed by using separate 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 (group x gender x muscle x velocity) repeated measures analyses of variance (ANOVAs). Separate ANOVAs were performed because of the relatively low number of subjects used in the investigation. Results demonstrated significant group, velocity and muscle main effects; sighted individuals had significantly greater values for peak torque and power than individuals with visual impairments. In conclusion, it appears that individuals with visual impairments are deficient in strength and power compared to sighted individuals. Interventions programs should begin early in an individual's development and stress developing muscular strength and power.



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Isokinetics and Exercise Science


IOS Press

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