The Influence of Charge Distribution on Self-association and Viscosity Behavior of Monoclonal Antibody Solutions


The present work investigates the influence of electrostatic surface potential distribution of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) on intermolecular interactions and viscosity. Electrostatic models suggest MAb-1 has a less uniform surface charge distribution than MAb-2. The patches of positive and negative potential on MAb-1 are predicted to favor intermolecular attraction, even in the presence of a small net positive charge. Consistent with this expectation, MAb-1 exhibits a negative second virial coefficient (B22), an increase in static structure factor, S(q→0), and a decrease in hydrodynamic interaction parameter, H(q→0), with increase in MAb-1 concentration. Conversely, MAb-2 did not show such heterogeneous charge distribution as MAb-1 and hence favors intermolecular repulsion (positive B22), lower static structure factor, S(q→0), and repulsion induced increase in momentum transfer, H(q→0), to result in lower viscosity of MAb-2. Charge swap mutants of MAb-1, M-5 and M-7, showed a decrease in charge asymmetry and concomitantly a loss in self-associating behavior and lower viscosity than MAb-1. However, replacement of charge residues in the sequence of MAb-2, M-10, did not invoke charge distribution to the same extent as MAb-1 and hence exhibited a similar viscosity and self-association profile as MAb-2.


Molecular, Cellular and Biomedical Sciences

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Molecular Pharmaceutics


ACS Publications

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