Effects of colostrum replacer supplemented with lactoferrin on the blood plasma immunoglobulin G concentration and intestinal absorption of xylose in the neonatal calf
The objective of this experiment was to determine the effect of lactoferrin (Lf) supplementation of colostrum replacer (CR) fed as 1 or 2 doses on apparent efficiency of IgG absorption, serum IgG concentrations, and xylose absorption/intestinal development in neonatal Holstein bull calves. Eighty bull calves were assigned to a 2 × 4 factorial arrangement of treatments in a randomized complete block design. Calves used were from the University of New Hampshire (n = 48) or a commercial dairy (n = 32). All calves were fed CR according to manufacturer's recommendations ± Lf treatment within 90 min of birth. Lactoferrin treatments were 0 (control), 0.5, 1, and 2 g/d of supplemental Lf. At 12 h of age, calves were fed a second feeding of CR ± supplemental Lf or 2 L of milk replacer ± supplemental Lf. Calves continued to be fed milk replacer ± supplemental Lf every 12 h for the duration of study. Blood samples were collected for determination of IgG and total serum protein at 0, 6, 12, 18, 24, and 48 h. Calves, except those fed 1 dose of CR plus 1 or 2 g of Lf, had serum IgG concentrations ≥10 g/L at 24 h. Lactoferrin supplementation had no effect on serum IgG or total serum protein concentrations. Calves fed 2 doses of CR had greater serum IgG concentrations compared with calves fed 1 dose of CR. Apparent efficiency of absorption of IgG was less in calves fed 2 doses of CR compared with calves fed 1 dose of CR. Lactoferrin supplementation (up to 1 g/d) resulted in decreased apparent efficiency of absorption of IgG. At the sixth feeding (60 ± 2 h of age), D-xylose (0.5 g/kg BW) was mixed with milk replacer ± supplemental Lf (n = 48) to determine xylose absorption by the small intestine. Blood was collected at 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 12 h after feeding xylose for determination of plasma glucose and xylose concentrations. Xylose means and area under the curve resulted in quadratic effects. Feeding calves 0.5 or 1 g/d supplemental Lf resulted in decreased plasma xylose concentrations compared with calves fed 0 or 2 g/d of supplemental Lf. Colostrum replacer or supplemental Lf did not affect plasma glucose concentrations. This study indicates that supplementing Lf at 0.5 or 1 g/d to calves fed CR has a negative effect on apparent efficiency of IgG absorption and xylose absorption.
Journal of Animal Science
Oxford University Press
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Shea, E.C., N. L. Whitehouse, and P. S. Erickson. 2009. Effects of colostrum replacer supplemented with lactoferrin on the blood plasma immunoglobulin G concentration and intestinal absorption of xylose in the neonatal calf. J Anim Sci 87: 2047-2054.