Afghanistan might be characterized as having a paucity of toilets and an excess of corruption. These two aspects capture the post-Taliban essence of the country. The “achievements” of Hamid Karzai the de facto mayor of Kabul, the United States and NATO in Afghanistan after more than eight years of U.S. occupation and approximately $25 billion in disbursed (2001-9) non-military aid, include Afghanistan being ranked as the worst place in the world for sanitation (per UNICEF data) and in 2009 posting 179th (out of 180 countries) in Transparency International’s corruption-perceptions index. The latter figure for 2005 showed Afghanistan ranking 117th out of 159 countries.
Revista Espaco Academico
Herold, Marc W., “An Excess of Corruption and a Deficit of Toilets: American and Karzai’s Successes in Afghanistan,” Revista Espaco Academico (Brazil) Vol. 10, No. 113 (2010): 130-140 at http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/EspacoAcademico/article/view/11354/6154 and at http://www.rawa.org/temp/runews/2010/09/28/an-excess-of-corruption-and-a-deficit-of-toilets-american-and-karzai-s-successes-in-afghanistan.html and in Spanish at http://www.rebelion.org/docs/113965.pdf