4.1 Background

Modelling is essential for enhancing our understanding of the functioning of tropical wetland ecosystems, and for simulating future trajectories and testing for system thresholds. Anthropogenic activities such as drainage and land-use change can be integrated in models and their impacts on fluxes of greenhouse gas concentrations simulated. Models can also be used to test the response of peatlands and mangroves to climate extremes, variability and change, and to estimate reference levels and greenhouse gas emissions scenarios in the framework of climate change mitigation projects such as REDD+. In coastal settings, models are used to explore wetland resilience to sea-level rise. Finally, models can also be developed to support the decision making process by providing policyrelevant information on the consequences and trade-offs of adopting different management and climate scenarios.


Earth Sciences, Earth Systems Research Center

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Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)

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Book Chapter


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