Date of Award

Spring 2013

Project Type


Program or Major

Civil Engineering

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

First Advisor

Jo Sias Daniel


The dissertation outlined herein results from a Federal Highway Administration sponsored project intended to investigate the impacts of high percentages of RAP material in the performance of pavements under cold climate conditions. It is comprised of two main sections that were incorporated into the body of this dissertation as Part I and Part II. In Part I a reduced testing framework for analysis of HMA mixes was proposed to replace the IDT creep compliance and strength testing by dynamic modulus and fatigue tests performed on an AMPT device. A continuum damage model that incorporates the nonlinear constitutive behavior of the HMA mixtures was also successfully implemented and validated. Mixtures with varying percentages of reclaimed material (RAP) ranging from 0 to 40% were used in this research effort in order to verify the applicability of the proposed methodology to RAP mixtures. Part II is concerned with evaluating the effects of various binder grades on the properties of plant-produced mixtures with various percentages of RAP. The effects of RAP on mechanical and rheological properties of mixtures and extracted binders were studied in order to identify some of the deficiencies in the current production methodologies. The results of this dissertation will help practitioners to identify optimal RAP usage from a material property perspective. It also establishes some guidelines and best practices for the use of higher RAP percentages in HMA.