Date of Award
Program or Major
Doctor of Philosophy
A Serializer/Deserializer (SerDes) is a circuit that converts parallel data into a serial stream and vice versa. It helps solve clock/data skew problems, simplifies data transmission, lowers the power consumption and reduces the chip cost. The goal of this project was to solve the challenges in high speed SerDes design, which included the low jitter design, wide bandwidth design and low power design.
A quarter-rate multiplexer/demultiplexer (MUX/DEMUX) was implemented. This quarter-rate structure decreases the required clock frequency from one half to one quarter of the data rate. It is shown that this significantly relaxes the design of the VCO at high speed and achieves lower power consumption.
A novel multi-phase LC-ring oscillator was developed to supply a low noise clock to the SerDes. This proposed VCO combined an LC-tank with a ring structure to achieve both wide tuning range (11%) and low phase noise (-110dBc/Hz at 1MHz offset).
With this structure, a data rate of 36 Gb/s was realized with a measured peak-to-peak jitter of 10ps using 0.18microm SiGe BiCMOS technology. The power consumption is 3.6W with 3.4V power supply voltage. At a 60 Gb/s data rate the simulated peak-to-peak jitter was 4.8ps using 65nm CMOS technology. The power consumption is 92mW with 2V power supply voltage.
A time-to-digital (TDC) calibration circuit was designed to compensate for the phase mismatches among the multiple phases of the PLL clock using a three dimensional fully depleted silicon on insulator (3D FDSOI) CMOS process. The 3D process separated the analog PLL portion from the digital calibration portion into different tiers. This eliminated the noise coupling through the common substrate in the 2D process. Mismatches caused by the vertical tier-to-tier interconnections and the temperature influence in the 3D process were attenuated by the proposed calibration circuit.
The design strategy and circuits developed from this dissertation provide significant benefit to both wired and wireless applications.
Luo, Yifei, "A high speed serializer/deserializer design" (2010). Doctoral Dissertations. 536.