Date of Award

Spring 2001

Project Type


Program or Major


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

First Advisor

Deborah J Coon


This dissertation documents the early history that led to the scientist-practitioner ("Boulder") model of training in clinical psychology. It uncovers pre-Boulder training guidelines and programs suggested by individuals and psychological organizations while exploring two themes: (1) the boundary issues between the budding clinical psychologists and the more established, elite mental health providers, particularly psychiatrists, between academic psychologists and these new clinical or applied psychologists, and between the various applied psychologists, and (2) how these training models (and organization membership requirements, codes of ethics, licensing and certification issues, and institutional accreditation) served as a way to professionalize clinical psychology, to improve its scientific status vis-a-vis psychiatry as well as help it establish a separate identity from academic psychology.

Focusing on the 1896--1949 time period, this dissertation explores the emerging and evolving role of the clinical psychologist, from administrators of intelligence and occupational tests before, during and between the world wars to their increased visibility as therapists and researchers during and after World War II.