A typical model of blending in-class learning with technology-enabled student experiences outside class makes use of a course management system (CMS), such as Blackboard. In this model, all the course management work is exclusively performed by the course instructor. Some attempts have been made to steer away from having the online content and activities be created, maintained, and monitored solely by the instructor. Discussion boards, student breakout groups, and student portfolios are examples of shifting some responsibilities to the students. However, the instructor continues to be the main arbiter of these activities, and tools that support student contributions are entirely under the control of the same, monopolistic CMS.

Publication Date


Journal Title

Journal of Computing Sciences in Colleges


ACM (Association for Computing Machinery)

Document Type



Copyright © 2012, Association for Computing Machinery, Inc.


© 2012, Association for Computing Machinery, Inc. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here for your personal use. Not for redistribution. The definitive Version of Record was published in Journal of Computing Sciences in Colleges, http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2184469.