Date of Award
Program or Major
Master of Arts
Two questionnaires, eight demographic questions and The Drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS) were administered to 19 high school male student athletes to determine their attitudes and behaviors around steroid use. The intent of this study was to research this sample to add to the literature in order to develop more effective steroid prevention measures. Steroid use of this group, 5.2% was found to be consistent with the national average. As indicated by the DMS, risk factors that might lead to or indicate steroid use include; wishing to be more muscular, lifting weights, taking protein/energy supplements, taking weight gain/protein shakes, feeling more confident with more muscle mass, feeling stronger with more muscle mass, thinking that legs, arms, and chest are not muscular enough. Specific motivating factors of diet and exercise habit found were feeling more confident with more muscle mass, wishing for more bulk, feeling stronger with more muscle mass, wishing that arms, chest, and legs were more muscular.
Sable, Sarah, "Overview of the methods of physical improvement and the prevalence of steroid use in high school male student athletes" (2007). Master's Theses and Capstones. 52.