Title

Why have child maltreatment and child victimization declined?

Abstract

Abstract

Various forms of child maltreatment and child victimization declined as much as 40-70% from 1993 until 2004, including sexual abuse, physical abuse, sexual assault, homicide, aggravated assault, robbery, and larceny. Other child welfare indicators also improved during the same period, including teen pregnancy, teen suicide, and children living in poverty. This article reviews a wide variety of possible explanations for these changes: demography, fertility and abortion legalization, economic prosperity, increased incarceration of offenders, increased agents of social intervention, changing social norms and practices, the dissipation of the social changes from the 1960s, and psychiatric pharmacology. Multiple factors probably contributed. In particular, economic prosperity, increasing agents of social intervention, and psychiatric pharmacology have advantages over some of the other explanations in accounting for the breadth and timing of the improvements.

Publication Date

12-2006

Journal Title

Journal fo Social Issues

Publisher

Wiley

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1111/j.1540-4560.2006.00483.x

Document Type

Article

Rights

© 2006 The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues.

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