Abstract

Abstract

The relationship among the cause-and-effect of the Arctic atmosphere, sea ice, and ocean is discussed. The increased vulnerability of the Arctic system to anomalous atmospheric forcing can be argued from the perspective that recent ice loss is the result of a long-term preconditioning to thinner ice. Such consequences demonstrate the difficulties inherent in ascertaining how the atmospheric circulation responds to Arctic, and global, climate change. Later-forming sea ice also leads to less protection from the waves of fall storms, affecting coastal communities such as Kivalina and Shishmaref. The coming decades will provide new insights into the complexities of the Arctic climate system and how changes will affect the biological and human communities within and beyond its boundaries.

Publication Date

9-2009

Journal Title

Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

Publisher

American Meteorological Society

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1175/2009BAMS2882.1

Document Type

Article

Rights

©2009 American Meteorological Society

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