This report summarizes the state of scientific knowledge on the impact of federal farm and food programs on rural communities in the United States. We focus on the impacts of five specific programs of what is commonly referred to as the “farm bill.” These five include farm commodity programs; farm risk management, insurance, and disaster programs; agricultural conservation programs; food and nutrition programs; and rural development programs. Although there is extensive research on the relative merits and effectiveness of specific rural development programs and policies on rural community outcomes, the impacts of the other four main farm bill programs on rural America have received much less empirical scrutiny.
Ulrich-Schad, Jessica D.; Grimm, Curt D.; and Jackson-Smith, Douglas, "Assessing the Impacts of Federal Farm Bill Programs on Rural Communities" (2013). Sociology. 107.