After examining and analyzing the experience with coke ovens, the authors conclude that attempts to force technology beyond its demonstrated competence can be both expensive and ineffective in controlling hazards. They also suggest implications for pending proposals to further control air pollution.
John D. Graham & David R. Holtgrave, Coke Oven Emissions: A Case Study of Technology-Based Regulation, 1 RISK 243 (1990).
An introductory note was inadvertently omitted from the Graham and Holtgrave paper, at 243. It reads: This paper is an edited version of a report prepared under contract for the Congressional Research Service. The second author worked on the report while a Research Fellow in Interdisciplinary Programs in Health at the Harvard School of Public Health and was funded through cooperative agreement CR812699 with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. We wish to thank John Blodgett of CRS, Amanda Agnew, William Becker, Eula Bingham, William Burgess, William Clark, Theodore Dinsmore, Thomas Field, Walter Goldburg, Thomas Graham, James Hanbright, William Harnett, Peter Hernandez, Charles Holmes, Joseph Hopkins, Joellen Lewtas, John Martonik, Phil Masciantonio, James McCarthy, Carol Redmond, Steve A. Swanson, Mary Win- O'Brien, Michael Wright and Earle Young - who are, of course, not responsible for our errors or conclusions.