Observations of temporally graded retrograde amnesia after hippocampal damage suggest that the hippocampal region plays a critical, time-limited role in memory consolidation. However, these observations do not indicate where permanentmemory is stored, nor do they clarify whether the hippocampus normally remains involved in a nonessential way. Evidence from multiple neural imaging studies indicate the time-limited role of the hippocampus and suggest that the anterior cingulate cortex is a critical storage site of different types of long-term memory. However, each of the previous studies examined spatial memory, leaving open the question of whether different cortical areas support long-term memory for other types ofmaterial. We characterized the course of involvement of cortical and hippocampal areas in animals trained in an explicitlynonspatial task. First, we confirmed previous findings that hippocampal damage produces temporally graded retrogradeamnesia for the social transmission of a food preference (STFP) within our experimental protocol. Damage to thehippocampal region 1 d, but not 21 d, after training impaired subsequent recall of STFP. Then, we characterized theanatomical patterns of activation of the immediate early gene c-fos during retrieval of STFP immediately and 1, 2, and 21 dafter training. The ventral subiculum was activated during retrieval shortly after learning, but the level of activation declined at successive times. In contrast, olfactory recipient regions including piriform, entorhinal, and orbitofrontal cortex showed the opposite pattern, increasingly greater activation in successively later retrieval tests. These findings support the view that different cortical networks support long-term memory for different types of information.



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Journal of Neuroscience


Society for Neuroscience

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