#### Title

Strong-isospin violation in the neutron-proton mass difference from fully-dynamical lattice QCD and PQQCD

#### Abstract

We determine the strong-isospin violating component of the neutron-proton mass difference from fully-dynamical lattice QCD and partially-quenched QCD calculations of the nucleon mass, constrained by partially-quenched chiral perturbation theory at one-loop level. The lattice calculations were performed with domain-wall valence quarks on MILC lattices with rooted staggered sea-quarks at a lattice spacing of b = 0.125 fm, lattice spatial size of L = 2.5 fm and pion masses ranging from m(pi) similar to 290 MeV to similar to 350 Mev. At the physical value of the pion mass, we predict M-n - M-p vertical bar(d-u) = 2.26 +/- 0.57 +/- 0.42 +/- 0.10 MeV where the first error is statistical, the second error is due to the uncertainty in the ratio of light-quark masses, eta = m(u)/m(d), determined by MILC [C. Aubin, et al., MILC Collaboration, Phys. Rev. D 70 (2004) 114501, hep-lat/0407028], and the third error is an estimate of the systematic due to chiral extrapolation. (c) 2007 Published by Elsevier B.V.

#### Department

Physics

#### Publication Date

4-16-2007

#### Journal Title

Nuclear Physics B

#### Publisher

ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV

#### Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2006.12.023

#### Document Type

Article

#### Recommended Citation

Beane, Silas R.; Originos, Kostas; and Savage, Martin J., "Strong-isospin violation in the neutron-proton mass difference from fully-dynamical lattice QCD and PQQCD" (2007). *Nuclear Physics B*. 97.

https://scholars.unh.edu/physics_facpub/97

#### Rights

Copyright 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved