Title

On the size of ions solvated in helium clusters

Abstract

Helium nanodroplets are doped with SF(6), C(4)F(8), CCl(4), C(6)H(5)Br, CH(3)I, and I(2). Upon interaction with free electrons a variety of positively and negatively charged cluster ions X(+/-) He(n) are observed where X(+/-) = F(+/-), Cl(+/-), Br(+/-), I(+), I(2)(+), or CH(3)I(+). The yield of these ions versus cluster size n drops at characteristic sizes n(s) that range from n(s)=10.2 +/- 0.6 for F(+) to n(s) = 22.2 +/- 0.2 for Br(-). n(s) values for halide anions are about 70% larger than for the corresponding cations. The steps in the ion yield suggest closure of the first solvation shell. We propose a simple classical model to estimate ionic radii from n(s). Assuming the helium density in the first solvation shell equals the helium bulk density one finds that radii of halide anions in helium are nearly twice as large as in alkali halide crystals, indicating the formation of an anion bubble due to the repulsive forces that derive from the exchange interaction. In spite of the simplicity of our model, anion radii derived from it agree within approximately 10% with values derived from the mobility of halide anions in superfluid bulk helium, and with values computed by quantum Monte Carlo methods for X(-)He(n) cluster anions.

Department

Physics

Publication Date

7-20-2009

Journal Title

Chemistry-a European Journal

Publisher

WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1002/chem.200802554

Document Type

Article

Rights

© 2009 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co

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