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As society has developed, women’s social levels have improved compared to the past. In the past, if women got married and had kids, they often took domestic positions, taking care of the family. Nowadays, women have more freedom to decide about whether to stay at home or work outside. However, external factors can also affect women’s decisions. Some examples are social policy, family structure, financial situation, and education level. All of these contribute to the final decision about whether to stay at home or work outside the home. This literature review focuses on how and why those factors affect women’s decisions and investigates the issues affecting women’s mobility