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This literature review examines the findings of various authors on the topics of family structure and educational success. By examining the dynamics of income, gender, and parental involvement within both single-parent and step-parent families, we are able to better understand how those three dynamics vary between both single- and step-parent families and may cause differences academically for children living in those family structures. Reviewing the literature, we are able to determine that there are differences between single- and step-parent families in terms of income, gender, and parental involvement. Unclear though, is whether or not, over time, it is most beneficial to a child’s academics to have a step-parent in addition to their one biological parent, or if that parent should remain single. Further research is needed on this topic in order to be better implicated into society by means of parental awareness, or mentoring programs within schools and communities.



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