Extent of Methionine Limitation in Peak-, Early-, and Mid-Lactation Dairy Cows


Five multiparous, ruminally and duodenally cannulated Holstein cows were assigned to 5 × 5 Latin squares at wk 2 (experiment 1), wk 11 to 13 (experiment 2), and wk 17 to 19 postpartum (experiment 3) to determine extent of Met limitation. Treatments were duodenally infused and consisted of 10 g/d of l-Lys plus 0, 3.5, 7.0, 10.5, or 16.0 g/d of dl-Met in experiments 1 and 2 and 8 g/d of l-Lys plus 0, 5, 10, 15, or 20 g/d of dl-Met in experiment 3. Calculated Lys contributions to total AA (TAA) in duodenal digesta for control treatments were 8.6, 7.5, and 9.0% for experiments 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Methionine contributions to TAA for the 5 infusion treatments were 1.9, 2.1, 2.2, 2.4, and 2.7% for experiment 1; 2.1, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, and 2.7% for experiment 2; and 1.8, 2.0, 2.2, 2.4, and 2.5% for experiment 3, respectively. Milk protein yield increased linearly in experiments 1 and 2, indicating that Met contribution to TAA in duodenal digesta for maximal milk protein synthesis exceeded 2.7 for early-lactation cows. In experiment 2, a quadratic relationship was found between level of infused Met and milk protein content, with the response reaching a plateau when 12.2 g of Met was infused, corresponding with a Met contribution to TAA in duodenal digesta of 2.4%. In experiment 3, milk protein content increased quadratically, but milk yield declined linearly with increasing levels of infused Met; hence, milk protein yield was unaffected by treatment. The calculated plateau point of the milk protein content response curve was determined to be 12.4 g of infused Met, which corresponds to a Met contribution to TAA in duodenal digesta of 2.3%. Experiment 3 results indicate that the required level of Met in duodenal digesta for maximizing milk protein yield is lower than that required for maximizing milk protein content.

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Journal of Dairy Science



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© American Dairy Science Association, 2008.