Actions of prostaglandin F-2 alpha and prolactin on intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression and monocyte/macrophage accumulation in the rat corpus luteum


Expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and the accumulation of monocytes/macrophages are inflammatory events that occur during PRL (PRL)-induced regression of the rat corpus luteum. Here we have compared the ability of prostaglandin F-2 alpha (PGF) and PRL to induce, in rat corpora lutea, inflammatory events thought to perpetuate luteal regression. Immature rats were ovulated with eCG-hCG and then hypophysectomized (Day 0), which resulted in a single cohort of persistent, functional corpora lutea. On Days 9-11, the rats received twice daily injections of saline, PGF (Lutalyse, 250 mug/injection), or PRL (312 mug/injection) to induce luteal regression. Surprisingly, luteal weight and plasma progestin concentrations (progesterone and 20 alpha -dihydroprogesterone) did not differ between PGF-treated rats and controls; whereas both luteal weight and plasma progestins declined significantly in PRL-treated rats. Furthermore, corpora lutea of PGF-treated rats and controls contained relatively minimal ICAM-1 staining and few monocytes/macrophages. In contrast, but as expected, corpora lutea of PRL-treated rats stained intensely for ICAM-1 and contained numerous monocytes/macrophages. In an additional experiment, there was no indication that luteal prostaglandin F-2 alpha receptor mRNA diminished as a result of hypophysectomy. These findings suggest that prolactin, not PGF, induces the inflammatory events that accompany regression of the rat corpus luteum.


Molecular, Cellular and Biomedical Sciences

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Biology of reproduction


Society for the Study of Reproduction

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© 2001 by the Society for the Study of Reproduction, Inc.