Institute on Disability


Supplemental nutrition assistance program participation among working-age adults with disabilities who experience employment exits and entries


Objective: To examine differences in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation among persons who experience employment changes, controlling for disability and individual characteristics.

Design: Secondary data analysis using data from the 2011 National Health Interview Survey linked with 2012 and 2013 data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey.

Participants: Persons of working-age, ages 25–61 (unweighted N = 8,202). Persons with disabilities, defined to include persons with at least one of six activity, functional or sensory limitations, account for approximately 5% of individuals.

Main Outcome Measure(s): The dependent variable is any participation in SNAP. The focal independent variables are disability status as well as employment exits and entries.

Analysis: Descriptive and logistic regression analyses, using p < .05 or lower as levels of significance.

Results: Persons with disabilities are more likely to enter SNAP after exiting employment compared to persons without disabilities. Non-working SNAP participants with and without disabilities who gain employment have similar likelihoods of continuing SNAP participation over a 1-year period.

Conclusions and Implications: SNAP provides an important source of support to persons with disabilities who experience changes in employment.

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Journal Title

Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition


Taylor & Francis

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