The post-1965 reductions in United States infant mortality: A national or international phenomenon?
The extent to which post-1965 declines in infant mortality could be attributed to (1) US medical and antipoverty programs and/or (2) internationally available medical advances was examined using data on infant, neonatal, and postneonatal mortality rates (IMRs, NMRs, PNMRs) in four western countries. The results showed that while post-1965 improvements occurred internationally, the US IMR improvements doubled that occurring elsewhere. Much of this advantage was attributable to post-1965 US PNMR improvements, which more than offset a slowing in the reduction of international PNMRs. In contrast, international effects contributed more to US declines in NMRs than did uniquely-United States factors.
Health Management and Policy
Health Services Management Research
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Woodward, R.S., Poertner, G.C. The post-1965 reductions in United States infant mortality: A national or international phenomenon? (1989) Health Services Management Research, 2 (1), pp. 65-74.