Solution Assembly of a Soluble, Heteromeric, High Affinity Interleukin-2 Receptor Complex
In this study, we report the use of coiled-coil (leucine zipper) molecular recognition for the solution assembly of stable, high affinity, heteromeric interleukin-2 receptor complexes. Co-expression of interleukin-2 receptor α and β extracellular domains (ectodomains), each fused to seven coiled-coil heptad repeats, resulted in the formation of heteromeric complexes that bound interleukin-2 in a cooperative fashion and with much higher affinity than similar homomeric complexes. The dissociation constants for these solution complexes are within the range of values reported for the comparable cell surface “pseudo high affinity” interleukin-2 receptor. Ligand-induced cross-linking of homomeric or heteromeric receptor subunits is the common signal transmission mechanism employed by hematopoietin receptors. Individual receptor ectodomains, however, often do not bind ligand with measurable affinity. This is the first study to demonstrate the feasibility of coiled-coil mediated preassembly of cytokine receptor complexes.
Molecular, Cellular and Biomedical Sciences
The Journal of Biological Chemistry
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Wu, Z., Johnson, K.W., Goldstein, B., Choi, Y. Eaton, S.F., Laue, T.M. and Ciardelli, T.L. (1995) "A Solution Assembly of a Soluble, Heterotrimeric, High Affinity Interleukin-2 Receptor Complex." J. Biol. Chem. 270, 16039-16044.