Forest ecosystems cover a large fraction of the Earth's land area and account for most of its terrestrial biological productivity. The structure and function of forests are regulated by an elegant series of feedbacks between the physical environment, plant growth strategies, successional processes, biogeochemical cycles and mechanisms of disturbance.
Earth Systems Research Center
Encyclopedia of Life Sciences
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Ollinger, S.V. 2003. Forest Ecosystems. In: Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. Nature Publishing Group, London. [http://www.els.net/]